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Livelihood, Land And Investment

Who is stealing Makerere’s land?

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Unknown to Makerere, he disposed of the lease interest to Rutungu Investments Limited linked to businessman Ben Kavuya, contrary to the lease agreement.

And the plunder is not yet over. Most of the university properties are also under threat of being taken over, as different companies, institutions and individuals lay claim to them.

In 2017, the university set up an Inter-Agency Task Force to develop a holistic and systematic strategy to safeguard the university lands and property. Sources at Makerere University who did not want to be named for fear of reprisals confirmed that the committee was shocked to find that a racket of land grabbers, involving senior government officials and businessmen, had freely acquired land and depleted its asset profile.

The committee released a report, whose findings Sunday Vision highlights, together with the recent status of some of the properties.

34A, 36A ON PRINCE CHARLES DRIVE (2.4 ACRES)
Makerere University has owned the three-acre land located on plots 34A and 36A on Prince Charles Drive since 1962 and preparations to start developing were underway. However, it was leased to Janice Amayo during the reign of then vice-chancellor, Prof. Venansius Baryamureeba.

Amayo, together with the land ministry officials, led by the then secretary Sarah Kulata, are said to have transferred the lease interest to Nassour Rahez, without the knowledge of Makerere.

After learning about the transaction, the university secretary, Kahunda Muhwezi, instituted a team of lawyers and land surveyors in February 2010, to probe the allegations. In a report released to the media, Makerere confirmed that the transaction took place on December 24, 2009.

The High Court ruled in the favour of Ramez indicating he was a bonafide purchaser for value even though Amayo had committed fraud. Makerere appealed the decision and Ramez approached the university. He asked them to lease the property to him, which the university did, on the understanding that he would build a five-star hotel.

Unknown to Makerere, he disposed of the lease interest to Rutungu Investments Limited linked to businessman Ben Kavuya, contrary to the lease agreement. Rutungu Investments attempted to change the original development plan with a proposal to subdivide the land and on the basis of this, on April 16, 2016, the university lodged a caveat on the property.

Rutungu Investments proceeded to Kampala Capital City Authority, where they were advised to get consent from Makerere. The consent was given, but the council resolution to the effect is not on file. Rutungu Investments then transferred its lease to Universal Establishment Limited without the knowledge or consent of the university council, which is mandatory under a clause in the lease agreement.

The Makerere Land Task Force noted that the fact that the university had lodged a caveat on the land implied that the lessee could no longer deal with the land without the consent of the university council. “There is no record of the caveat being lifted. So, any dealings that have taken place thereafter are illegal including the amalgamation of the Plot into 17 and 19 Kololo Hill Drive.” It recommended the council needs to re-enter her land and take physical possession.

PLOT 40 PRINCE CHARLES DRIVE (1.64 ACRES)
Makerere University leased the land to Harjit Singh for 49 years, effective June 1, 2002, for consideration of sh80m premium and ground rent of sh4m per annum. Singh has since put up residential apartments on the land and, according to the lease agreement, ground rent ought to be revised after every 10 years.

Although the rent should have been revised in 2012, there is no evidence to that effect. Singh, through his lawyers, had proposed to buy the entire land interest from Makerere, but there is no information on file indicating any response. The committee recommended that the university revises the ground rent and further searches at the land registry to ascertain whether the plot number has not changed from what the university has on the file.

PLOT 24 ACACIA AVENUE (NOW JOHN BABIIHA AVENUE)
(0.5 ACRES) Plot 24 John Babiiha Avenue is recorded as the property of Makerere University Council according to records as early as 1952, as per property rates, arrears demands notice from the City Council of Kampala, on July 21, 1992.

Currently, the property is occupied by the Insurance Association of Uganda and Plot 24B is occupied by the dfcu Bank, which rents it from Charles Kimera. It remains unclear how Kimera accessed the property.

BLOCK 28, PLOT 49 ON SIR APOLLO KAGGWA ROAD (1.64 ACRES)
Plot 49, which measures 1.64 acres officially belongs to the university under freehold title. However, there are two claimants, Amina Kayaga claims ownership by the Will of her late father, while Wilberforce Sekubwa Mpindi says he has a mailo title. A one Bwire also encroached on the same plot, while Shell fuel station appears to have also encroached on the other part.

In 2013, Makerere University dragged the trespassers to court, seeking a declaration that it is the rightful owner of Plot 49 under HCCS 532 of 2013. The case was referred for mediation and failed.

The court case is still ongoing. The committee recommended an immediate boundary opening and expedite the court process to redeem the land.

BLOCK 28 PLOT 170-174 (239 ACRES) 

This plot is bordered by Bombo Road to the east, Makerere Hill Road to the south and Sir Apollo Kaggwa to the west.

It is encroached on the eastern side by Mussy Hotel on Bombo Road, owned by one Kulubya. He extended his perimeter wall into the university land. On the north-eastern side, on Muganzi Awogererwa Road, there are multiple occupancies that include residential, commercial and a carpentry workshop owned by Bernard Mukiibi.

In an interview with Sunday Vision, Mukiibi defended his acquisition of the property, saying he is the legitimate owner, having been born and raised there even though he did not have a title. The report recommends that there is need to open a boundary around the affected areas.

BLOCK 9, PLOT 225 AND 269 SIR APOLLO KAGGWA ROAD (0.79 ACRES)
These plots are located opposite the Full Gospel Church Makerere on the junction between Makerere Hill Road and Sir Apollo Kaggwa Road. They have residential flats. The committee recommended the need to amalgamate the two plots to obtain a single title.

BLOCK 28, PLOT 187 AND 186 MAKERERE HILL KIBUGA (1.58 ACRES)
The land is found in Makerere north below the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity. The university purchased Plot 187, while Plot 186, which was subdivided to form Plot 556 and 557, was purchased by the Uganda Land Commission for Makerere University use.

The land is said to have been encroached upon and some suspected encroachers have sales agreements and they include Yoona Kwesigwa, who says he bought the land from a one Kalinte in 1987. Kalinte was a former employee of the university. Similarly, Benard Guma allegedly purchased a portion from a one Muhumuza in 1997. The boundary pillars have been broken down.

Information on the file indicates that there are fraudulent titles that have been issued as recently as 2006. The committee recommended that the university needs to apply to the land commission to transfer the land to it for better management.

BLOCK 28 PLOT 60, 58, 39, 38 (5.8 ACRES)
This is the land upon which the Makerere University Primary School, also known as Yellow Primary School is located. It neighbours Bombo Road to the northeast side. Plot 60, which neighbours Bombo Road to the northeast side is being used by the primary school as a washing bay under agreement with Martin Muzale and managed by Ashraf Bashir who, in addition, runs a garage.

The washing bay business was authorised by the school management and the tenant pays sh500,000 per month. The committee recommended that the university needs to re-demarcate the land for the primary school and erect a fence.

BLOCK 28 PLOT 32 (1.61 ACRES)
Commonly known as the students’ plot, it is located in Makerere north. The plot neighbours Plot 35 (commonly referred to as Ex-Sempa land because Makerere University purchased it from the late Amos Sempa). Its fence is run down because it is encroached upon on the southern side. The committee recommended its boundaries be re-opened.

Block 28 Plot 239 Kibuga (1.08 acres ) Another Ex-Sempa land. Although Sempa handed over the original certificate of title and signed transfer forms to the university, Makerere did not complete the transfer process.

The administrators of the estate applied for a special certificate of title and subdivided the land into smaller plots and there are developments on the land, such as the Mulago View Hostel and other residential buildings including one of Sam Segilinya. The committee recommended the need to establish details about the plot and the transfer processes in order to guide on the way forward.

Block 28 Plot 339 and 338 (6 acres ) The land is located on Muganzi Awogererwa Road towards Sir Apollo Kaggwa Road. It was sold to Makerere University by Prof. Ssemakula Kiwanuka, in 1971. The university registered the land in its names and obtained a certificate of title.

However, the land is heavily encroached upon and illegally subdivided into smaller plots with buildings, such as Fiona Hostel, a school, church and residential houses. The university says whereas Kiwanuka was fully paid for the land in 1971, he has, through his lawyers, turned around and is demanding sh4.2b, which he purports to be the current value of the land.

In an interview with Sunday Vision, Kiwanuka insisted he had never been paid. The committee recommended that Makerere University reclaims its land. Block 28 Plots 482, 487 and 488 Mukubira Zone (1.16 acres ) The university purchased the land and transferred it into its name, but the place is heavily encroached upon with residential houses.

Block 28, Plots 5, 9, 11, 17 (4.90 acres)
It is popularly known as the Makerere Junior Staff Quarters towards the Northern Bypass. In the north-east of Plot 5 and to the north-west and west of Plot 9 is Plot 7, whose ownership was not identified.

The plot is managed by the widow to the former Makerere University deputy chief security officer, Sam Iraat. It has been encroached on by general businesses, including Fuelex Petrol Station, Parking Yard, washing bay and a garage.

Kasangati, Block 187 Plots 116 and 117 (1.09) acres
The land houses facilities for the College of Health Sciences. There are currently steps being taken to negotiate with the Uganda Land Commission to acquire a certificate of title. However, the land has been greatly encroached upon by one Francis Ngabirano and there is a community road passing right in the middle.

Nakyes a Land (207 acres )
This land was allocated to Makerere for use by the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Security and Biosecurity. However, the certificate of title is yet to be secured from NARO. The land was fenced off. However, the manager expressed concern. It is possible that the land fenced off may be less than the 207 acres allocated.

The university signed a memorandum of understanding with the National Agricultural Research Organisation for a period of five years, which expired in 2016, but there was no evidence that the memorandum of understanding was renewed.

Kabanyolo farm 552 acres Kabanyolo farm sits on 552 although it is supposed to actually be 650 or 680 acres and serves as a demonstration farm for students of the College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences. Atlas High School has been named as one of the people on the land.

There is also a separate claim by one Bernard Sserunjoji on Plot 67. The boundary pillars in some sections were removed. There is also a claim of 165.50 acres by one Mohammed Sharif Omar, who lodged a caveat on the land, in February 2011.

Part of the land was encroached upon by Uganda National Roads Authority.

Makindye Lukuli Block 253 Plots 14, 45 and 57 (14 acres)
The university holds a freehold title for this land, but part of it has been encroached upon by a garden, two residential properties and a perimeter wall fence. ‘Princess’ Farida Namusisi Bwanga has also laid claim on the entire piece of land, alleging it is a cultural heritage of Buganda kingdom. The committee said she demolished the university boundary pillars.

Lower Mulago and Katanga valley Block 38 Plot 40 (1.33 Acres )
This is located along Dwaliro Road and currently occupied by the Kampala Capital City Authority mortuary. It is not clear how the mortuary was established on the land.

Block 38 Plot 42, Dwaliro Road (0.61 acres )
This is also located on Dwaliro Road on Mulago hill. This piece of land is heavily encroached on by a number of retail businesses and workshops under the Mulago Youth Development Organisation with the permission of Mulago National Referral Hospital management.

There is also a parallel claim on the land by Brig. Elly Kayanja, who has attempted to evict the Mulago Youth Development Organisation. The committee recommended, that the university management needs to open boundaries and evict the encroachers.

Block 38 Plots 1-47, Lira Municipality, Plot 7-9 (1.49 acres )
Makerere University Council holds a 49-year interest on Plot 7-9 on Makerere Road in Lira Municipality. The fence that was erected around the property seems to have left out part of the university land. The committee recommended that boundaries of this land be opened.

Buyana Stock Farmland Block 237, Plot 3 (332.99 Acres )
This land is found in Gomba district and was allocated to Makerere by the Government, in 1972. It is currently under use by the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity. However, there is a piece of land totalling 2.3 acres within the farm owned by a private individual.

The titled land is also encroached upon with one of the neighbours placing mark stones inside the university land and others using part of the land for farming. The committee recommended that Makerere expedites the process of transferring the title.

Nyabyeya Forest College, Masindi While this is the property of Nyabyeya Forestry College, Makerere owns a hostel block on the land that is used as a residence for its students on the bachelor of the forestry programme.

The committee recommended that the university formalises the existence of its property on the Nyabyeya Forestry College land.

Kibaale Ecological Field Station, Kabarole District at Nkingo and Kamwengye (100 acres )

The land was inherited by Makerere from a research project initiated by Dr Thomas Strasker in 1987. The station, over the years, bought land both within and outside the Kibaale Forest on behalf of Makerere University.

The pieces of land, according to records are estimated to total to about 100 acres located in Kanyawara (Kabarole district) and Kingo in Kamwenge district. However, a recent survey by the estates and works directorate of Makerere University puts the acreage at about 40.2 acres.

The Makerere University biological field station facilities sit on about six acres of land, belonging to the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), which has a standing memorandum with the university. The committee recommended that the university management needs to expedite the process of acquisition of certificates of title for all the pieces of land.

It also needs to negotiate for a lease from UWA for the land on which the facilities of the station sit and also negotiate the purchase of pieces of land encircled by university land.

Nakasongola-Buruli (9A and 9C) and Kyankwanzi-Ssingo (Ranch 16) 
In January 1989, President Yoweri Museveni directed the lands ministry to identify 10 square miles of land to be offered to Makerere University to facilitate the expansion of her agricultural projects. The land was to be located in a radius of 50 miles from the university.

Kyankwanzi-Ssingo Ranching scheme 
Five square miles of the land on Ranch 16 in Ssingo Ranching Scheme was earmarked to be allocated to Makerere University following the directive by the President. This was also never concluded. This land is, however, still available should the university be interested.

Ranch 16, Kyankwanzi One Square Mile 
The agriculture ministry allocated one square mile on Ranch 16 to the Makerere University Council for use by the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity. The land is still available and is currently under the custody of the District Veterinary Officer of Kyankwanzi district.

Bugulumizi, Nakaseke District Information on file indicates that ten square miles of land were offered to Government to build an agricultural university by the late I.K. Musaazi at Bugulumizi, Nakaseke District. The Government gave the land to Makerere University to establish an agrosilvipastoral centre.

Makerere then requested the lands ministry to transfer it into the university council names, but this was never concluded. In the meantime, 10 square miles have since been sold off by the administrators of Musaazi’s family.

Land At Kabete
Makerere University-owned land in Kabete, Nairobi Kenya, since as far back as 1956, where it had a faculty of veterinary sciences. By 1978, the university-owned 165 acres of land, which was later transferred to Nairobi University. The committee wants verification of how the transfer of this land was concluded.

University College, Dar-Es-Salaam Information on file indicates that James Norden leased Plot 47, Ada Estate to Makerere College Council around 1960, which it later subleased to University College Dar-es-salaam. However, the current status is not known.

Land at Kololo 
The Makerere taskforce report established that Makerere University has 29 housing units in Kololo sitting on 13 acres of land. However, there are two private properties developed within the university housing estate in Kololo, which are not captured on record as belonging to the university.

It remains unclear who owns them and when exactly they were carved out of the university possession, yet they are within the Makerere University estate. The task force also established that there was an illegal kiosk at the northern side Plot 1 of Prince Charles Drive owned by Sheila Mugisha.

When contacted, Mugisha noted that she was not at liberty to comment about the story because “the kiosk belongs to her family and her comment may not represent the true family position.” The task force recommended the need to enclose Plot 11 York Terrace for protective measures and need to reopen the boundaries and any trespasser on the university land be evicted.

Kateleemwa estate block 206 (82 acres) Makerere University purchased 31.058 acres of land at Katelemwa between 1949 and 1960. It subsequently acquired additional land from the neighbourhood, which is clearly marked by pillars. Signposts indicating that the land belonged to Makerere were removed and replaced with those indicating that the land belonged to the Namasole (Queen Mother).

Some of the boundary pillars to the east, south-east were moved by unknown people from their original locations and moved inside Makerere land. The land has also been encroached upon by several activities, such as brick-making, gardens, churches, among others.

There have been attempts by several people, including Levi Kahigimo, to enter the estate and try to survey the land. There are also suspected fraudulent surveying activities being carried out, including one by Riham Industries, who claim they were given the land by the former lands minister, Betty Amongi.

Block 38 Plots 1-47, 45 Katanga Valley Land (31 acres) 
The land is located on Old Kira and Binaisa Road, covering the villages of Kimwanyi, Soweto, Busia and Lower Mulago. Boundary pillars placed by Makerere University were vandalised. The biggest part is encroached by schools, offices, garages, churches, residential and commercial houses.

Mailo tiles that had been created for the land were cancelled by the court, with the ruling Makerere University Council held a freehold land title thereby, recognising the undisputed ownership of the land by the council. The ruling appealed and High Court ruled that whereas Makerere University held a Freeland title over the land, the plaintiffs and their leases are bonafide occupants on the land and are by law entitled to continue in possession.

The university also appealed, but the Court of Appeal has not served a schedule for filing conferencing notes. In the meantime, the university sought an order of injunction restraining the respondents/ judgment creditors from putting up further developments on the land, which was unoccupied at the time of judgement.

Unfortunately, the application was dismissed with costs and the respondents were awarded sh120m. The university appealed against the award, which is still pending for hearing. Information on file indicates that the university has been approached to drop the appeal, in exchange for one square mile of land in any place of choice in the districts of Wakiso, Kayunga, Mukono and Mpigi.

The remaining part of the land is also under threat because the commercial activities taking place on this piece of land are not authorised by the university and previous attempts to fence it off have been frustrated.

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Livelihood, Land And Investment

Government orders arrest of notorious land grabber in Mubende district.

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By Witness Radio team

The government of Uganda has ordered the Police in Mubende to oversee the arrest of a  land grabber in the Mubende district whose evictions have caused suffering to residents in Mubende for over a decade.

The Prime minister of Uganda, Rt Hon. Robina Nabbanja while meeting the affected residents at her home in Kakumiro district ordered the arrest of Milly Naava Namutebi and halted all activities carried out by a land grabber on people’s land. She further made it clear that all residents remain on their land till her visit to ascertain the true owner of the land.

For over a decade, Naava has been carrying out forced evictions in the area with the assistance of the area police which has rendered people homeless. People have lost land, lack food, children are not schooling and families have broken as a result of her unending violent evictions. Defenders have been framed and arrested, whereas others have been beaten in evictions.

Over 3.5 square miles belonging to 4000 residents have all been taken by the wealthy investor without consent from the owners.

Over 60 residents of Kirwanyi in Kiruma sub-county led by their Chairman Bangirana Innocent pitched camp at the Prime minister’s home in protest of the increased and violent evictions of Naava and her men and wanted the prime minister’s intervention to save them from being evicted.

According to the residents, Naava with the protection of police officers was harvesting people’s crops including maize claiming she wanted to use the land. The residents informed Witness Radio that they have been on the said land for generations and wonder how Naava came to own it.

One of the victims, Mr. Lubuuka Godfrey who had over 20 acres of maize told the Prime minister that casual laborers attached to Naava and guarded by the police officers slashed all his plantation and ordered him to leave the land immediately.

“I direct the District Police Commander (DPC) of Mubende and the Resident District Commissioner (RDC) to withdraw the four police officers guarding Naava, and thereafter arrest her for causing distress to the people.” The Rt Hon Prime minister said.

At least 30 houses and hundreds of hectares of crops especially maize were destroyed in the recent violent evictions, according to a community land rights defender, Mr. Ssesazi Christopher.

Naava has on several occasions been arrested and charged for violently evicting people without compensating or resettling them. In July 2022, Naava together with his people at large were arrested, arraigned before the magistrate court in Mubende, and charged with 20 counts including forgery, malicious damage, fraud, and criminal trespass among others.

The Rt Hon Prime minister’s order comes after Naava defied directives of not evicting people on land that were given by the Minister of Lands, Hon Judith Nabakooba. Last year, Nabakooba visited the affected communities and directed no further evictions citing investigations into the land ownership.

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Livelihood, Land And Investment

Land grabs: Officials in Mubende district are colluding with economically powerful and politically connected people to grab local communities’ land.

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By Witness Radio Team

Justine Nakachwa (not her real name) had never thought of losing land she and her family had happily lived on for decades. Her dream of owning farmland had come true.

The land passed down to generations of descendants from the late 1970s was now being claimed by a renowned businessman. She got staggered.

“I was shocked by this news because I have spent most of my life here. Am wondering how he could acquire the land without the knowledge of the whole village.” She painfully revealed this while speaking to a Witness Radio-Uganda reporter.

The sixty-year-old is one of the community members of over 800 smallholder farmers in the three villages; Biwaalwe, Kabaale, and Kyagaranyi in Kanyogoga parish, Butologo sub-county in Mubende district currently facing eviction by Tubikaku Uganda Limited, a company owned by City businessman Desh Kananura.

The smallholder farmers have been practicing subsistence farming on this land to earn a living since the 1970s.

Intending to secure ownership and legalize it, they conducted a search and due diligence, which revealed that the land had no encumbrances.  In 2012, they applied for a lease. Sadly, the Mubende District Land Board declined to grant their request and instead awarded the lease of 906.4 hectares to a ghost company Tubikaku Uganda Limited.

The economically powerful and politically connected to grabbing the downtrodden land with the assistance of land board officials is rapidly growing in Uganda. With the aid of district land boards, cartels are increasingly disposing of smallholder farmers. This practice is now predominant in many districts in the country, especially Mubende district.

It is alleged that the District Land Board has previously leased people’s land to tycoons without following proper legal land acquisition procedures.

Seven years ago, a community’s land in Lwebigajji village in Mubende district of 226.5 hectares were grabbed by a local investor with the help of district land board officials. The community had lived on their land for over 30 years.

When the community showed interest in acquiring a leasehold on the land, the district land board of Mubende hurriedly offered the title to one Deo Semwogerere Mutyaba, a local businessman, who does not even own a decimal on the land.

Consequently, over 2000 families were affected. “In 2014, we requested the Mubende district lands board for a lease on this land, got surveyed using our efforts and resources, however upon returning the leasehold title in 2015, it had Semwogerere’s names as the owner of the land.” Grace Nantubiro, one of the community leaders said.

Samuel Wambi Mamali, a local businessman was also helped by the Mubende district land board officials to allegedly steal local community’s land covering three villages. These include Kyamukoona, Kijojolo, and Kalagala in Mubende District that have been occupied by locals for decades. The villages accommodate over 800 families.

The villagers indicated that Maamali fraudulently acquired a lease title he never applied for, did not consult community members on the land, nor at parish, or sub-county land committees that should have advised and guided on whether the land was lawfully being occupied and cultivated.

The few listed cases above are among several cases of grabbed land by wealthy and politically connected people in the Mubende district.  The trend of district land boards facilitating land grabs has left many local and indigenous communities landless.

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Livelihood, Land And Investment

A community of over 300 smallholder farmers conned as their land is sold to a local investor without their consent.

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By Witness Radio Team

As foreign agribusinesses take over Kiryandongo communities’ fertile land, other local investors are also eyeing the remaining land occupied by the poor families in the southwestern district of Uganda to grab their land.

A community of over 300 smallholder farmers in Ranch 22, Nyamuntende village in Kiryandongo district is being evicted by a local businessman Maseruka Robert who claims ownership of the land some have lived on for decades. Mr. Maseruka connived with some leaders in the community to grab land from the poor.

The evictions that started in August this year have caused the displacement of over 50 households so far on land measuring over 2000 acres without consultations or being fairly compensated. Crops belonging to residents, and houses were razed.

When evictions by multinationals soared in Uganda, the community acted swiftly to protect the interest on the land and avert a land grab. And in 2015, they applied for a lease of 49 years on the land from the Kiryandongo district land board which was granted to them.

However, unbeknownst to them, schemers would take advantage of this opportunity to grab their land. Earlier, the residents whose land is located on Ranch 22 Block 8 Bunyoro Ranching Scheme entrusted Wilson Sikhama, Ochema Richard, and a few other community members as their leaders in 2016 during the requisition of the land.

According to the residents, initially, the application processes unfolded as they had planned, however, Sikhama and Ochema allegedly connived with other people not known to the community to drop the names of some of the community members whom they had entrusted and replaced them with Julius Isingoma, Gerald Tumusiime, Messanger Gabriel Wabwire, Musokota William John and Simon Mwesige.

Residents further added that the land was titled in the names of the seven people who excluded the villagers. In 2019, when the community expected the location forms of the land per person, they understood that the land they had acquired was sold to one Maseruka Robert without their notification by Sikhama and the group.

In the same year 2019, the community ran to court seeking its intervention to regain the ownership of their land. The community was led by one of their own Mbabazi Samuel. In a blink of an eye, Mbabazi allegedly reached an agreement with the aforementioned group. On the 22nd of October 2020, he allegedly sold the said land to a group of people (Mr. Sikhama’s group) at One Hundred Million Shillings (100,000,000 equivalent to USD 26,483.79) without the approval of the community he represented.

After completion of the sale, the group of schemers sold the land to Maseruka who is now evicting the community.

In our interview with Maseruka, he failed to explain how he acquired the land but, insisted that he wanted the community to leave his land. “These people should leave my land because I want to use it, this is my land.” He maintained.

Some of the evictees whose houses were destroyed had relocated to their neighbors’ homes for fear of what would befall them. A 42-year-old widow and a mother of 10 said Maseruka’s accomplices destroyed her house leaving her destitute.

“These people wanted to give me 700,000/= (185.39) for the 15 acres of my land. When I resisted, they began destroying what they found including my house. They told me the money they were giving me was enough for me to vacate.” She explained.

The chairperson of the affected community, Mushija Caleb said his people are being forcefully evicted because they refused the peanuts given to them as compensation. He reiterated that his people don’t want to leave their land.

“They should not think of compensation irrespective of the amounts they are willing to offer because people are not interested in surrendering their land,” he added.

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