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Africa warming faster than rest of world: IPCC Sixth Assessment Report



Frequency and intensity of heavy precipitation events projected to increase across the continent 

Human-induced global warming has been more rapid in Africa than the rest of the world, according to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Average annual maximum temperature in northern and southern Africa is likely to be close to four degrees Celsius above normal, according to regional projections in the report released August 9, 2021.

The median temperature in these regions will rise 3.6°C when the earth warms at 2°C above pre-industrial levels, predicted the group of scientists who authored the report.

The annual minimum temperature is also projected to increase by over 2°C in some parts of northwestern Africa, the analysis showed.

Southern Africa will also see a rise in minimum temperature. This will lead to warmer cold days in the future, according to the authors.

In 2021, Africa experienced its fourth-warmest April since 1910, with a temperature anomaly of 1.48°C, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Extreme heat waves will continue to increase and extreme cold waves will decrease throughout the 21st century, with additional global warming, according to IPCC.

Africa accounts for just 3.9 per cent of carbon dioxide emissions, according to Global Carbon Atlas, a repository of data on human-induced and natural carbon fluxes.

Frequent extreme rainfall 

At 1.5°C global warming, heavy precipitation and associated flooding are projected to intensify and be more frequent in most regions in Africa, the report said.

With additional increases in global warming, changes in hot and cold temperature extremes, the frequency and intensity of heavy precipitation events are projected to increase almost everywhere in Africa, warned IPCC in its projections for the continent.

The relative sea level around Africa has increased at a higher rate than the global mean sea level rise over the last three decades. This trend is likely to continue in the region, the researchers wrote.

The rate of sea-level rise has reached five millimetres (mm) per year in several areas on the continent’s coastline, especially along Eastern Africa, according to a World Meteorological Organization report.

In southwestern Indian Ocean from Madagascar, eastward towards and beyond Mauritius, it has even exceeded 5 mm a year. This is above the rate of average global sea-level rise of around 3-4 mm each year.

Increase in global warming will contribute to increases in the frequency and severity of coastal flooding in low-lying areas due to coastal erosion, mostly along sandy coasts, according to the IPCC assessment.

Monsoon precipitation is projected to increase over Central Sahel and decrease over the far western Sahel. The monsoon season is projected to have a delayed onset and a delayed retreat, as stated in the report.

At 2°C global warming, precipitation is likely to increase by 5-40 per cent in Sahara, including parts of the Sahel.

There has been an increase in monsoon precipitation during the 20th century due to warming from greenhouse gas emissions, noted the IPCC report. But this has been masked by the decrease due to cooling from human-caused aerosol emissions.

West and Central Africa is likely to experience heavy precipitation and pluvial flooding.

Increased cyclones, droughts

The average tropical cyclone wind speeds are likely to increase in East Southern Africa, according to IPCC.

This may lead to increase in the heavy precipitation and more Category 4-5 (severe) tropical cyclones in the region.

Climate change is expected to make Category 5 storms stronger and more numerous in the coming decades, according to Jeff Masters, hurricane scientist with the NOAA.

Marine heat waves that have become more frequent since the last century are projected to increase around the continent.

With global warming of 2°C global warming and above, several regions in Africa are projected to experience an increase in frequency and / or severity of agricultural and ecological droughts.

Aridity and droughts will increase across Mediterranean (Northern Africa),  Western Africa, West Southern Africa and East Southern Africa, the report projected.

While Madagascar is suffering from the worst drought in 40 years, the future seems to be grimmer, according to the IPCC projections.

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Statement: The Energy Sector Strategy 2024–2028 Must Mark the End of the EBRD’s Support to Fossil Fuels



The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is due to publish a new Energy Sector Strategy before the end of 2023. A total of 130 civil society organizations from over 40 countries have released a statement calling on the EBRD to end finance for all fossil fuels, including gas.

From 2018 to 2021, the EBRD invested EUR 2.9 billion in the fossil energy sector, with the majority of this support going to gas. This makes it the third biggest funder of fossil fuels among all multilateral development banks, behind the World Bank Group and the Islamic Development Bank.

The EBRD has already excluded coal and upstream oil and gas fields from its financing. The draft Energy Sector Strategy further excludes oil transportation and oil-fired electricity generation. However, the draft strategy would continue to allow some investment in new fossil gas pipelines and other transportation infrastructure, as well as gas power generation and heating.

In the statement, the civil society organizations point out that any new support to gas risks locking in outdated energy infrastructure in places that need investments in clean energy the most. At the same time, they highlight, ending support to fossil gas is necessary, not only for climate security, but also for ensuring energy security, since continued investment in gas exposes countries of operation to high and volatile energy prices that can have a severe impact on their ability to reach development targets. Moreover, they underscore that supporting new gas transportation infrastructure is not a solution to the current energy crisis, given that new infrastructure would not come online for several years, well after the crisis has passed.

The signatories of the statement call on the EBRD to amend the Energy Sector Strategy to

  • fully exclude new investments in midstream and downstream gas projects;
  • avoid loopholes involving the use of unproven or uneconomic technologies, as well as aspirational but meaningless mitigation measures such as “CCS-readiness”; and
  • strengthen the requirements for financial intermediaries where the intended nature of the sub-transactions is not known to exclude fossil fuel finance across the entire value chain.


Download the statement:

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Complaint against unprofessional conduct of the DPC Kiryandongo district for aiding and abetting land grabbing in kiryandongo district.



The Commandant,

Professional Standards Unit, Uganda Police-Kampala.

Dear Sir/Madam;


We act for and behalf of the Lawful and bonafide occupants of Land described as LRV MAS 2 FOLIO 8 BLOCK 8 PLOT 22 (FORMERLY KNOWN AS RANCH 22).

Our Clients are residents of Nyamutende Village, Kitwara Parish in Kiryandongo District where they have lived for more than 30 years and sometime in 2017, they applied for a lease of the said Land to Kiryandongo District Land Board through the Directorate of Land Matters State House.

As they were still awaiting their Application to be processed, they were shocked to establish that the said land had been instead leased to and registered in the names of Isingoma Julius, Mwesige Simon, John Musokota William, Tumusiime Gerald, Wabwire Messener Gabriel, Ocema Richard and Wilson Shikhama, some of whom were not known to the Complainants. A copy of the Search is attached hereto

Our clients protested the above action and appealed to relevant offices, but were shocked to discover that the above persons had gone ahead and sold the same to a one Maseruka Robert.

Aggrieved by these actions, the Complainants appealed to the RDC who advised them to institute proceedings against the said persons, and assigned them a one Mbabazi Samuel to assist them to that effect. The said Mbabazi accordingly filed Civil Suit Noa 46 of 2019 against tne said registered proprietors at Masindi High Court challenging the illegal and fraudulent registration, sale and transfer of the subject land to Maseruka Robert.

While awaiting the progress of the case mentioned hereinabove, the Complainants were surprised to find that the said Mbabazi, instead of assisting them, he went into a consent settling the said suit on their behalf without their knowledge or consent. A copy of the Consent is attached hereto.

Among the terms of the said consent Judgment was that the residents would be compensated without specifying how much and would in return vacate the Land.

As if that was not enough, Maseruka Robert and Mbabazi Samuel are going ahead to execute the said Consent Judgment by forcefully evicting the occupants without compensation which has prompted the complainants to challenge the said Consent by applying for its review and setting aside at Masindi High Court which is coming up for hearing on the 29th March 2023. A copy of the Application is attached hereto.

Sensing the imminent threat of eviction, we also filed an application for interim stay of execution of the said consent to avoid rendering their application for review nugatory but unfortunately the same could not be heard on the date it was fixed for hearing (6th February 2023). A copy of the Application is attached hereto

On Thursday last week, three tractors being operated by 6 workers of a one Mbabazi Samuel [the very person who had been entrusted to represent our Clients to secure their Land through Civil Suit No.46 of 2019] encroached close to 50 acres of our Clients’ land and started ploughing it but our Client’s protested and chased them away.

We have however been shocked to receive information from our Clients that on Sunday at Mid night, 3 police patrols invaded the community in the night and arrested community members; Mulenje Jack, Steven Kagyenji, Mulekwa David, Ntambala Geoffrey, Tumukunde Isaac 15 years, Kanunu Innocent, Mukombozi Frank, Kuzara, Rwamunyankole Enock, and took them to Kiryandongo Police Station where they are currently detained.

We strongly protest the illegal arrests and detention of our Clients as this is a carefully orchestrated land grabbing scheme by Maseruka Robert and Mbabazi Samuel who are  receiving support from the DPC Kiryandongo.

The purpose of this Letter therefore is to request your good office to investigate the misconduct, abuse of office and unprofessionalism of the said DPC Kiryandongo District and all his involvement in the land grabbing schemes on land formerly known as Ranch 22.

Looking forward to your urgent intervention,

C.C The Head Police Land Protection Unit Police Head Quarters Naguru

CC The RDC Kiryandongo District

CC The Chairman LCVKityadongo District

CC The Regional Police CommanderAlbertine Region

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The Executive Director of Witness Radio Uganda talks about the role played by Witness Radio in protecting communities affected by large-scale agribusinesses in Kiryandongo district in an interview with the ILC.



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