By witnessradio.org Team
The first-ever meeting convened for victims of land evictions in Uganda has been dominated by sad tales of how land grabbers connive with local and national leaders to grab community land.
The meeting held in Kalangala brought together victims from Kalangala, Kiryandongo, Mubende Kaweeri, Mubende Kambuye, Bumanje, Buvuma, and Mukono, Nakifuma among others.
Speaker after speaker, the victims narrated how multinational and national companies forcibly grabbed their land without negotiation or compensation.
“We just saw people surveying our land and later graders started bringing down everything on the land. We tried to run to our local leaders for help but in vain” Said Muyiisa John, the head of the affected community in Kalangala.
“Ours came with teargas and many people were beaten up. People run for their dear lives and up to now, some are still missing.” Sara Pasikaali, a victim forcefully lost her land to the New Forest Company (NFC) told fellow victims as they shared experiences.
“In Kiryandongo, we were never compensated. The local leaders were bribed and not even the security organs helped. Instead, they attacked us, and out of the over 35000 people, we are now a few people still pushing for justice”. Benon Balyeija a victim of Kiryandongo.
One thing is clear with all the land grabs that the grabbers connive with the leaders to dispossess people without any compensation or negotiations.
Speaking to the victims on land legislation in Uganda, a former member of parliament for the Nakifuma county Mukono district, Joseph Mugambe says the grabbers continue to thrive on ignorant communities and manipulate the law to suit their interests.
“The problem is multifaceted, the communities are ignorant of the law, the land has been commoditized, and this has been worsened by high levels of corruption in the country”.
He advises that the government focuses on supporting small scale holders to grow the agricultural industry.
The Head of the Alliance on Food sovereignty in Africa, Uganda office, Bridget Mugambe says that the major purpose of holding such meeting is to allow people to share experiences and learn from one another on how to push back on land grabs.
The team from Uganda also heard from members of the alliance in West Africa who advised them to lead the struggle to rescue their land.
“The battle is yours to fight. Do not look at Civil society organizations or leaders because it is your land. It has not been easy for us either, we were arrested, trumped-up charges brought up against us, but we stood our ground and that is how we were able to win”. Said Nasako Besinge the coordinator of the Alliance in Cameroon said
There are skyrocketing cases of and grabbing by multinational companies who engage in large scale farming at the expense of native communities that are thrown into poverty.
Witness Radio welcomes the World Bank’s intervention into Kawaala drainage channel project affected persons…
By witnessradio.org Team
Kampala – Uganda – Witness Radio Uganda has welcomed the World Bank’s decision to intervene into its funded project which is dispossessing poor urban dweller at Kawaala Zone II, Lubaga division, Kampala district.
On March 4th, 2021, the World Bank Team held its first ever virtual meeting with other stakeholders including the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) over a forceful implementation Kampala Institution and Infrastructure Development (KIIDP 2) project.
On top of running to court to stop an illegal eviction, the residents through Witness Radio – Uganda lawyers raised a complaint to the World Bank to restrain its grantee (KCCA) from imposing a project they (residents) never participated in from the start.
In 2015, KCCA acquired USD 175 million loan from the World Bank and the International Development Association (IDA) for Kampala Institution and Infrastructure Development (KIIDP) project. However, part of the money (USD 17.5 million, which is 63 billion Uganda shillings) was earmarked to construct Lubigi Primary Channel.
Without following business and human rights standards, KCCA started using tricks aimed dispossessing the poor urban community at Kawaala including; hiding under section 72(1) cap 281 of the Public Health Act, and issued a notice to dwellers to pull down what it termed illegal structures erected on their land or otherwise, KCCA would do so at the cost of residents, just to cause a property loss to them.
In a meeting chaired by Martin Onyach-Olaa, a Task Team Leader, Senior Urban Specialist at the World Bank, faulted KCCA for failing to engage community including taking the contractor to the ground without their notice.
“The project affected community have valid grievances, which must be attended to in the interest of Kawaala project” Said Onyach-Olaa
The representatives from the affected community accused KCCA of intimidation, undertaking a forceful survey, sidelining and usurping powers of elected local leaders, extortion and undermining business and human rights standards before and during the implementation of the World Bank project.
“I was threatened and forced to participate in KCCA valuation exercise of my properties and I never understood what was done. I was even lured to sign on certain documents that were in a language they never explained and no copy was left with me. I am opposed to the KCCA’s working and I will not allow them to come back on my property: Said Segue Abbas.
He added that when he sought wise counsel from his lawyers, he just realized that he had been duped.
Among other recommendations, KCCA was advised to embark on an inclusive exercise to identity project affected persons, properties to be affected by the project and ensure that surveys and property valuation exercises are undertaken in accordance within the law.
About the Grievance Redress Committee the KCCA claims they elected, the World Bank saw it important that the Grievance Redress Committee be put in place with a complaint book and functional internal appeal mechanism.
It was further emphasized that no Kawaala resident will be forcefully lose his/her under a project being funded by the World Bank.
Oil palm growing threatening food security in Buvuma
Buvuma, Uganda | Several people in Buvuma district have taken to oil palm growing at the expense of food growing. Fishing and subsistence farming were the mainstay of Buvuma residents prior to the introduction of oil palm growing.
However, the residents have surrendered the biggest part of the land they used to plant food crops such as bananas, rice, cassava, maize and sweet potatoes on the main island to National Oil Palm Project-NOPP for the establishment of oil palm gardens. NOPP intends to operate on 10, 000 hectares of land.
The investor Buvuma – Oil Palm Uganda Limited-BOPUL, a subsidiary of Oil Palm Uganda Limited and Bidco Uganda Limited in Kalangala will use 6, 500 hectares of land while the out-growers will use the remaining 3, 500 hectares.
However, since their compensation in 2012, most of the residents have failed to secure alternative land for settlement and food production. Sarasino Namuyimba Ssekajjolo, the Buvuma District Council Speaker, says they have compiled enough information proving that most of the residents have not benefited in the first stages of the project.
He says they are considering tabling a motion halting further land acquisition in areas where NOPP has not concluded the exercise. Ssekajjolo reveals that over 1000 residents have failed to make good use of the money they received as compensation for their land.
A report compiled by Mary Namaganda, the Principal Assistant Curator at Makerere University Collage of Nature Sciences shows that land use change in Bugala [Kalangala] from natural vegetation to monoculture plantation has caused biodiversity loss due to the destruction of the natural habitat, soil degradation and pollution of soil and lake water resulting from the use of nitrate fertilizers, agrochemicals and effluents from the palm oil mill.
BOPUL also intends to setup a mill. Godfrey Yiga, a resident of Kirongo says that he secured another piece of land in Jinja using the Shillings 59 million he received in compensation for his 5-acre piece of land containing a banana plantation, sweet plantains and mangoes. He, however, says that he couldn’t use the remaining balance to setup a new garden.
Nasta Nantongo Kwagala, another resident and widow of the late Yosefu Kavamawanga who cares for seven children and three grandchildren, says NOPP compensated the tenants on her late husband’s land without her consent. She explains that by the time she applied for compensation, she was chased and stopped from farming on the land.
George William Telebajo, another resident says the project took advantage of poverty in Buvuma to trick them into selling their land cheaply. He notes that several residents have ended up in jail for stealing food while others are now sleeping in wooden cubical at landing sites.
Reports from the District Security Commit-DSC point to increased cases of food theft in different camps on landing sites and settlements in forest reserves. Juma Kigongo, the Buvuma Deputy Resident District Commissioner, says about 10 cases of food theft are reported at police and local councils-LCI every month in the four sub counties on the main island.
These include Nairambi, Buwooya, Busamuzi and Buvuma town council. He, however, says most of the people involved in criminal activities are residents who accepted compensations but failed to put the money to good use.
Wilson Sserunjogi, the Buvuma District Oil Palm Project Focal Person, says that many people have failed to put their compensation money to good use much as the project has tried to support them. He notes that for the past years they have been handling complaints and compensated thousands of residents fresh but they keep on coming back for more money after misusing it.
“Residents and leaders are scared for nothing, Buvuma still has land for growing food and also NOPP is here to support them. We also compensated residents with land over 5 acres and above,” he said.
Original Post: The Independent
2,000 Karimojong flee to Teso in search for food
Kampala, Uganda | Several families in Napak district in the Karamoja sub-region have fled their homes into the Teso region to search for casual jobs. This follows the current food shortage which is hitting the region.
Joseph Lomonyang the Napak LC V chairperson says that over 2,000 people mainly from six sub-counties of Matany, Lopei, Lokopo, Lorengechora, Iriiri and Apeitolim have crossed to the neighbouring Teso districts of Amuria, Katakwi, Kapelebyong and Soroti looking for food.
According to Lomonyang, the number of people to flee the district is most likely to go higher given the current hunger situation.
“Last year, very many people planted crops but all the crops got destroyed by floods making our people vulnerable,” he said.
Elijah Lobucel, the Lokopo sub-county chairperson said everyday mothers and their children walk while those who can afford the costs pay for transport to Teso.
“What we are advising them is not to go to Kampala streets, but if its going to Teso for work to get food it is not bad since the Itesot are brothers and sisters under Ateker cluster,” he said.
Jimmy Tebenyang, the district councillor for Ngoleriet sub-county in Napak district said many children were getting emaciated as a result of lack of enough food.
“There are families where you find children yawning from morning to evening without eating anything and that is why we are calling the government to come to the rescue of people,” he said.
Robert Okitoi, the LC V chairperson Amuria confirmed the presence of Karamoja families in the district and urged the Itesot families to treat the Karimojong as their brothers and sisters.
He also appealed to other district leaders in the Teso region to receive the people of Karamoja with a good heart and share the little they have.
“This is the situation that requires to share, I call upon the people of Amuria and Teso at large that not all the Karimojong are bad people, those who are bad disturbing to raid people of Teso are few and so we should not victimise every one because the law will deal with those raiding but let’s support the Karimojong families,” he said.
Source: THE INDEPENDENT
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